Dr. Mohamed Karbal is an expert on Libyan law, arbitrator, and an attorney licensed to practice law in New York, Dubai and Libya. He is the founder and Managing Partner of Karbal & Co, a law firm with offices in Dubai and Libya, and a legal & risk management consultancy in Malta specialized on specialized on Libyan affairs.

With over 40 years of experience, Dr. Karbal has practiced law in both the public and private domain in areas with a specialty in human rights issues in Libya, oil & gas, maritime, transportation and international trade. As a Libyan lawyer, Dr. Karbal frequently serves as an expert witness on Libyan law in the United States of America and the United Kingdom.


Expert on Libyan and Middle Eastern Laws

Dr. Mohamed Karbal has vast experience on Libyan and Middle Eastern laws, especially the Arab Gulf States such the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. He has provided legal advice to international entities interested to receive advice on issues of oil and gas laws, commercial law, investment, and maritime laws.

Dr. Mohamed Karbal’s expertise in Libyan law has propelled Karbal & Co to its status as the leading Libyan law firm. Dr. Karbal serves as Expert witness for contentious matters in Western jurisdictions and courts, such as the U.K, U.S. Federal Court, and the ICC in Geneva Switzerland.

Human Rights Laws

Dr. Karbal served as a co-counsel on the principal case in the United Kingdom involving human rights violations involving renditions in Libyan.



Dr. Karbal is a registered arbitrator who has served as an Arbitrator and has represented multinational clients before arbitration panels in London, Abu Dhabi, and Dubai. His experience in arbitration law includes contentious matters for maritime law, oil & gas, Libyan law and construction law.

Legislation drafting and public sector consultancy

In his work experience in the public and private sector, Dr. Karbal has participated in drafting legislation in the maritime and transportation industry in Abu Dhabi, which is still enforced today. As Managing Partner, Dr. Karbal reviewed and redrafted the Abu Dhabi Waterways Act in English and Arabic to ensure it complies with MARPOL. In his work in the public sector, Dr. Karbal supervised and drafted the public transportation laws for the buses and taxis. As the first Legal Counsel of the Abu Dhabi Health Authority, Dr. Karbal assisted in drafting the Abu Dhabi medical insurance law.

Transactional Law Experience

Through his position as Managing Partner of the international law firm, Karbal & Co, Dr. Karbal negotiates, drafts and overseas cross-border transactions, including the sale of oil & gas products and bi-products, equipment for the oil & gas industry, and precious metals. The transactions span several continents and regions, including MENA and South-East Asia.

As a maritime law firm, Dr. Karbal has represented Karbal & Co for international transactions in the maritime industry. In the field of Maritime Law, Dr. Karbal served as an expert witness in the United States.


Dr. Karbal received a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri, USA, a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in Maritime Law from the University College London, (UCL), a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Law from Indiana University, Indiana, USA and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) from the University of Benghazi, Libya. Dr. Karbal holds a Certificate in Maritime Dispute Resolution and Arbitration from Lloyd’s Maritime Academy.